By Dr. Prasenjit Chatterjee, Oncology
Cervical cancer in women is the most fatal type of cancer that is caused due to the HPV infection. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus, and when cells grow abnormally in the cervix, it is called cervix cancer or cervical cancer. When female come in contact with the HPV virus, which is generally transmitted sexually, it stays in the cervix and causes cancer growth with time. The immune system resists the virus to grow into cancer, however, in some patient’s virus lives for years without transforming into any disease. The risk of getting cervical cancer can be reduced with regular screening for HPV virus and taking shots to prevent HPV virus.
Symptoms of Cervix Cancer-
The early symptoms of cervical cancer are almost none. But in the later advanced stage, the signs of cancer are:
● Bleeding between periods
● Pain during intercourse
● Pelvic pain
● Watery discharge
● Foul odor
● Blood as discharge
Causes of Cervix Cancer-
The leading cause of cervical cancer is the HPV virus that causes infection. The virus can be transmitted sexually. Cancer is the uncontrolled growth in the cells in the body that do not die with the completion of the natural cell cycle. Other environmental and lifestyle causes lead to dangerous cervical cancer. However, it is advisable for women to get a regular screening of HPV virus to prevent the growth of cancer.
Some of the causes of Cervical cancer are:
● Active Sexual life: Women are who are sexually active may face the problem of cervical cancer.
● Multiple sexual partners: With the higher number of sexual partners the chances of getting cervical cancer increases.
● Weak immune system: Women with weak immune system fails to eliminate the occurrence of the HPV virus.
The early stage diagnosis is rather difficult for the doctors since the symptoms of the early stage cervical cancer is rather common in nature. However, it is suggested that women beyond the age of 30 years should look out for the symptoms mentioned and should consult an expert oncologist for the same.
Some of the diagnostic methods for cervical cancer are:
● Cervical Smear Test
● HPV DNA testing
● Blood Test
● Cone biopsy
● CT scan
Treatment of Cervix Cancer-
For treating cervical cancer, oncologist prefers the combination of radiation therapy and chemotherapy. However, the stage of cancer and the condition of the patient plays an essential role while determining the treatment. If the patient is in her early stage, then doctors prefer radiation therapy which ensures that the growth in the cancer cells slows down and stop eventually. Radiation therapy also ensures that the cancer cells do not recur after the surgery. The success rate of radiation therapy for cervix cancer are high. In the advanced stage, the option for surgery and radiation therapy is not useful. Patients with advanced cervix cancer need chemotherapy and medication. The doctors also check the patient for the type of cancer growing inside the patient and whether it is spreading in other parts of the body.
Cervical cancer can be dangerous for women, and hence it should be noted that women beyond the age of 30 should get regular cervical checkups and maintain healthy sex life with limited partners. It is also important to seek immediate attention as soon as she notices any of the symptoms.